The Pumi is a medium-small sheep dog from Hungary bred to gather, drive and keep stock under control. They are easily recognizable due to a combination of wavy and curly hair forming curls all over their body.
Closely related to the longer-haired Puli, the Pumi’s ancestor was brought to Hungary during the migration of the Magyars from the Ural-Altay regions of Central Asia around 800 AD and may have descended from the Tsang Apso (Tibetan Terrier).
Pulis were cross-bred with German Pomeranians, French Briards, and several varieties of terriers during the 17th and 18th century. In the 18th century, Merino sheep were imported to Hungary along with Great Pyrenees that produced dogs with a shorter and curlier coat.
The name Pumi was first used in 1815 and the breed standard was created in 1921 by Dr. Emil Raitsits who referred to the dog as a sheepdog terrier.
Weight: Female: 18–29 lbs (8–13 kg) Male: 22–33 lbs (10–15 kg).
Height: Female: 15–17 inches (38–44 cm) Male: 16–19 inches (41–47 cm)
Coat: Medium-length, thick and curly.
Color: Black, Sand, Rust, Grey, Silver, Grizzle.
Litter size: 4-6 puppies.
Life span: 12-14 years
Temperament: Intelligent, Lively, Reserved, Active, Protective,.
Health: Healthy breed. Some elbow and hip dysplasia, patellar luxation, degenerative myelopathy (DM) and eye disorders.
• Also known as the Hungarian Pumi and Hungarian herding terrier.
• The first known drawing of a Pumi was in 1815.
AKC: Herding Group
ANKC: Group 5 (Working)
KC (UK): Pastoral Group
UKC: Herding Dog
FCI: Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs #056