First documented in the 11th century, the Tornjak, or Bosnian Herzegovinian – Croatian Shepherd Dog, is a livestock guardian dog native to Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia. It is similar to other livestock guardian breeds of the region such as the Šarplaninac and the Bucovina Shepherd Dog.
Originally named Kanis Montanus (mountain dog), the Tornjak may be a descendant of the Tibetan Mastiff and inherited characteristics of livestock guardian dogs developed over 5,000 years ago in Mesopotamia.
By the early 1970s, the breed was nearly extinct, but was revived by enthusiasts and registered by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in 2017.
Height: Male: 25–28 inches (63–72 cm) Female: 23–26 inches (58–65 cm)
Weight: Male: 77–110 lbs (35–50 kg) Female: 62–88 lbs (28–40 kg)
Coat Type: Long, thick and woolly.
Color: Piebald, Black & White, White & Chocolate, Red & White.
Litter size: 4-7 pups
Life span: 12-14 years
Temperament: Friendly, Brave, Intelligent, Alert, Persistent, Vigilant, Peaceful.
Health Problems: Healthy and hardy breed. No major health issues.
• Also known as the Bosnian Shepherd Dog, Shepherd Dog, Bosnian and Herzegovinian Shepherd Dog, Croatian Mountain Dog.
UKC: Guardian Dog
FCI: Group 2, Section 2.2 Molossian: Mountain type #355