The Yorkshire Terrier’s heritage is a mixed, and somewhat a mysterious one. Most likely he is a cross between the Dandie Dinmont Terrier and the Skye Terrier, and was developed in the western regions of Yorkshire, England where he started out as a ratting terrier.
Further developments, which included a smaller and smaller frame over the years and the long silky coat, are possibly a cross with the Maltese. The Yorkshire Terrier soon became a lapdog and was recognized and named in 1886 in England where it continues to be the most popular Toy dog. It shares a similar popularity in North America.
The Yorkshire Terrier – Yorkie for short – makes a good pet for the elderly or stay-at-home types; he does not require very much exercise.
Height: The height of a Yorkshire Terrier is 9″ (22.9cm).
Weight: Yorkshire Terriers weigh 3 – 7 lbs (1.3 – 3.1 kg).
Coat Type: The glossy coat, one of the Yorkshire Terrier’s most distinctive features, is profuse and long, straight, flowing and silky.
Color: The Yorkshire Terrier’s coat color on the body is a steel blue, with rich tan markings on the head, chest and legs. Daily grooming is required to keep the silky coat free of tangles and clean.
Temperament: The Yorkshire Terrier’s personality is keen, active, alert and always willing to please. He is friendly but prefers the company of adults over children.
Health Problems: There is a possibility of several genetic health problems which may affect the Yorkshire Terrier, therefore it is highly suggested to purchase from a very reputable breeder. Some of these health concerns include Legg Calvé Perthes, tracheal collapse, water on the brain, luxating patellas, liver, spine and eye problems. The average life span of a Yorkshire Terrier is between 10 – 15 years.
Special Interest: This dainty, tiny dog was at one time used to keep down the rat population in mines and mills. Keep in mind, however, that today’s Yorkie is about half the size of the original 15-pound dog of the 1800s.
AKC: Group 5 – Toys
ANKC: Group 1 – Toy
CKC: Group 5 – Toys
FCI: Group 3 Section 4
KC: Non-Sporting – Toys
NZKC: Toy Group
UKC: Companion Breeds