One of the most popular dogs in Russia, the Central Asian Shepherd is an ancient livestock guardian breed from the Central Asia region traditionally used for guarding sheep and goats, as well as home protection and guard duty.
The breed is also used in Central Asia for traditional dog fighting. The Central Asian version of dog fighting differs greatly from the lethal, maiming and illegal pit bull versions in the United States. In Central Asia, the bouts are about dominance, not destruction, and many dogs leave the fight with no more than a few scratches. Some dogs will evaluate each other when they first meet on the field and the weaker or more submissive dog will simply walk away, the owner taking the loss.
The Central Asian Shepherd is one of the oldest breeds in existence, dating back over 5,000 years.
Weight: Female: 88–140 lbs (40–65 kg) Male: 110–170 lbs (50–79 kg)
Height: Female: 24–27 inches (60–69 cm) Male: 26–31 inches (65–78 cm)
Coat: Short and long hair varieties.
Color: Black, White, Brindle, Piebald, Rust, Grey.
Life span: 12–17 years
Temperament: Strong, Confident, Curious, Bold, Independent.
Health: No major health issues, but may be susceptible to hip dysplasia..
• Banned in Denmark.
• Sometimes called Volkodav (Wolf Crusher in Russian).
• The USSR standardized the breed in the 1920s.
• One of the few large breeds that can live up to 17 years.
ANKC: Group 6 (Utility)
UKC: Guardian Dog
FCI: Group 2, Section 2.2 Molossian: Mountain type #335