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The Pomeranian is the smallest of the Spitz
family of dogs and originates from an area
of Germany once known as Pomerania. The
breed was imported to England in the 19th
Century, where it was bred to be smaller
and smaller in size. But, like its ancestors,
it maintains the characteristic small, triangular
ears, a pointed muzzle and the feathered
tail, which is carried over the back. It
is one of the most popular Toy dogs and
is particularly enjoyed by adults who spend
a lot of time indoors or are unable to keep
a dog which requires plenty of room or exercise.
The height of a Pomeranian is 8 - 11"
(20.3 - 27.9cm).
weigh 3 - 7 lbs (1.3 - 3.1 kg).
The Pomeranian's undercoat is short, soft
and lofty; the outer guard coat is long,
lies flat, and is harsh to the touch. In
particular, the shoulders and chest are
profusely covered with a "mane"
of straight, standing-off fur.
color of the Pomeranian's coat can be of
many different colors, shades and patterns.
This tiny dog wouldn't necessarily hurt
an intruder, but he does make a good watch
dog and will "sound the alarm"
at the approach of company. The Pomeranian,
in return for his companionship, enjoys
The Pomeranian can be prone several
health issues that include hip dysplasia,
luxating patellas, hypothyroidism, hypoglycemia,
seizures, coat loss, tracheal, heart and
eye problems. The life expectancy for the
Pomeranian is up to 15 years.
Although the Pomeranian's ancestors weighed
as much as 30 pounds, breeders were able
to miniaturize the dogs by successively
selecting and breeding the smallest pups
from each litter. The breed gained a following
of fanciers in 1888 when Queen Victoria
showed a liking for the breed and exhibited
them at shows.
AKC: Group 5 - Toys
ANKC: Group 1 - Toy
CKC: Group 5 - Toys
FCI: Group 5 Section 4 European Spitz
KC: Non-Sporting - Toys
UKC: Companion Breeds