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Great Pyrenees are large, elegant dogs with
a thick, primarily white coat. It is believed
this breed's ancestors originated in Asia
or Siberia and then migrated to Europe. Fossil
deposits of similar dogs are dated to be from
thousands of years ago.
The breed takes its name from the Pyrenees
Mountains in southwestern France where they
were used as guardians of the flocks. During
the 17th century, the Great Pyrenees was recognized
by the court of Louis XIV and named the Royal
Dog of France. Not only was this breed desired
by farmers and shepherds, but now by nobility
The first Great Pyrenees dogs were imported
to the United States in 1824 by General Lafayette,
however, since this was at the time the breed
was no longer fancied by aristocracy, there
was no demand and once again, these dogs were
mainly isolated in the Pyrenees mountain region.
Interest sparked again in the 1930s and more
dogs were imported to the US by Mr. &
Mrs. Francis V. Crane who were both deeply
devoted to this loyal and protective breed.
The Great Pyrenees breed was recognized by
the American Kennel Club in February of 1933.
The height for a Great Pyrenees dog is 27–32
inches (69–81cm) and for females: 25–29
Weight: The weight for a
Great Pyrenees dog is approximately 100 pounds
(45kg) and for females, approximately 85 pounds
Coat Type: The Great Pyrenees
has a double coat which is weather resistant.
The outer coat is coarse and the under coat
is soft and wooly. Regular, weekly brushing
is necessary to keep the long coat in good
condition and bathe only when necessary. The
coat does not tangle or mat. Typically, this
the Great Pyrenees sheds once a year, but
some may seem to shed more often.
Color: The color of the Great
Pyrenees' coat is primarily white with gray,
badger, reddish brown (or varying shades)
Temperament: Great Pyrenees
are calm natured, very intelligent and deeply
devoted to his family. These territorial,
fearless and protective dogs make a good guardian.
Great Pyrenees are gentle, affectionate, independent
and wary of strangers. Great Pyrenees can
quickly become bored with repetitive training
- they respond best to praise rather than
harshness. They like to roam, therefore best
to be kept in a fenced in area or on a lease
during outdoor activities. Great Pyrenees
bark a lot, especially during the evening.
This breed does not fully matured until about
two years old.
Health Problems: Great Pyrenees
are susceptible to hip dysplasia, also bloating.
This breed is often allergic to the cheaper,
commercial dog foods which over time may cause
breathing and skin problems. Because of the
Great Pyrenees' thick coat, he can become
very sensitive to the heat during the warmer
months. The average life span of the Great
Pyrenees is between 10 - 12 years.
• It is believed the
Great Pyrenees is related to the Newfoundland
• The Great Pyrenees breed
was adopted as the Royal Dog of France in
1675 by the Dauphin in the court of King Louis
XIV making these dogs popular with nobility.
Great Pyrenees was recognized by the American
Kennel Club in February of 1933.
Great Pyrenees breed is known as Pyrenean
Mountain Dog in Europe and in their native
France - Le Chien de Montagne des Pyrenees
(big dog of the mountains) or Le Chien des
Pyrenees (the dog of the Pyrenees).
AKC: Working Group
ANKC:Group 6 - Utility
CKC: Group 3- Working
FCI: Group 2 Section 2 Molossoid breeds
UKC: Guardian Dogs