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The Golden Retriever is a relatively young
breed and only dates as far back as the
mid-19th century. Developed by Lord Tweedmouth
near the English-Scottish border, the Golden
combines the blood of retriever, Tweed Water
Spaniel, setter and the sandy-colored Bloodhound.
The Golden is a popular breed due to its
well-mannered, friendly nature. It is also
an excellent candidate for obedience training,
and by instinct, is still a reliable, gentle-mouthed
retriever. The Golden Retriever enjoys urban
or rural settings as long as it is provided
with plenty of outdoor exercise.
The height of a Golden Retriever is 23 -
24" (58.4 - 58.4cm) for dogs, 21.5
- 22.5" (54.6 - 54.6cm) for bitches.
The weight of a Golden Retriever
is 65 - 75 lbs (29 - 29 kg) for dogs, 60
- 70 lbs (26.8 - 26.8 kg) for bitches.
water-repellent coat of the Golden Retriever
is dense with a moderate undercoat. The
texture is neither silky nor coarse, and
the golden-colored coat may be wavy but
lies flat. The front of the chest, back
of the thighs and the underside of the tail
are more heavily feathered than the rest
of the body. Careful grooming and brushing
are required on a regular basis.
The Golden Retriever coat is various shades
The Golden Retriever is mild-mannered
and easy to train, yet maintains its sporting
instincts. These qualities make this breed
an ideal and reliable family pet, one particularly
suited to a family with kids.
Problems: Hip Dysplasia,
cataracts and other eye problems, and subvalvular
aortic stenosis (SAS - a cardiac problem),
thyroid problems, and allergies are all
potential health concerns in this breed.
Reputable breeders of Goldens should only
consider breeding with some sort of permanent
hip certification, annual eye check and
certification, and a heart screening by
a board certified cardiologist. Other problems
found to a lesser extent include Trichiasis
(abnormal position or direction of the eyelashes),
and epilepsy, which is highly suspected
to have a genetic component in this breed.
Special Interest: Golden Retrievers perform
extremely well in training schools as guides
for the blind.
AKC: Group 1 - Sporting Dogs
ANKC: Group 3 - Gundogs
CKC: Group 1 - Sporting Dogs
FCI: Group 8 Section 1 Retrievers
KC: Sporting - Gundog Group
NZKC: Sporting Dog