About English Toy Spaniels? Click Here for
the Kennel.com Forum!
The English Toy Spaniel is a distinctive toy
breed which comes in four varieties: Blenheim,
Prince Charles, Ruby, and King Charles. These
merry and affectionate little dogs have a
long history as being favored by English royalty.
They have a characteristic domed head, pushed-in
nose, long ears, broad ribcage and large sweet
The origin of English Toy Spaniels is linked
to the east - Japan or possibly ancient China.
As to when they arrived in England, it is
believed to have been at least a hundred years
before the reign of King Charles I. The black
and tan type was was a favorite of King Charles
II and named after him.
The English Kennel Club only recognized the
black and tan King Charles and red and white
Blenheim types before 1885. The other two
types - the Ruby which is solid red with some
white on the head and the Prince Charles which
is tri colored- received recognition in 1892.
In the early 19th century, the Toy Spaniel
breed was bred smaller, with a shortened face,
protruding eyes, and a more rounded skull.
English Toy Spaniels arrived in the United
States with early settlers in the 19th century
and the breed was recognized by the American
Kennel Club in 1886.
The height for an English Toy Spaniel is about
10 inches (25cm)
Weight: The weight for an
English Toy Spaniel is 9-12 pounds (4.1-5.4kg)
Coat Type: The English Toy
Spaniel's coat is long,
silky, soft, and wavy. Regular grooming is
necessary to avoid matting. The English Toy
Spaniel is an average shedder.
Color: The English Toy Spaniel
comes in four colors: Blenheim (red and white
- which is the most common), The Prince Charles
(black, white and tan or known as tricolor),
The Ruby (red) and The King Charles (black
Temperament: English Toy Spaniels
are gentle, friendly, affectionate and bright.
Willing to please and known to be companion
dog. English Toy Spaniels can be shy in unfamiliar
situations, however can be very entertaining
and humorous with those he knows. English
Toy Spaniels are good with children and gets
along well with other pets. If left alone
too long, they can suffer from separation
anxiety. English Toy Spaniels do not need
a lot of exercise.
Health Problems: English
Toy Spaniels can be prone to patella luxation,
heart disease (MVD), respiratory and eye problems
and ear infections. The average life span
of an English Toy Spaniel is 10 - 12 years.
• The English Toy Spaniel
was recognized as a breed in 1886 by the The
American Kennel Club.
• The AKC
recognizes the English Toy Spaniel and Cavalier
King Charles Spaniel as two separate breeds.
• English Toy Spaniels were bred to
be companion dogs, however, they were also
known to be good hunters, especially of woodcock.
• In 1885, a small group of devotees
of this breed started the Toy Spaniel Club,
however, the name officially became the King
Charles Spaniel Club per request to the Kennel
Club by the King.
AKC: Toy Group
ANKC: Not recognized
FCI: Group 9 - Section 7 - English Toy Spaniels
UKC: Companion Breeds