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The Border Terrier got its name and originated
from the area near the border between Scotland
and England. Farmers used them to hunt and kill
foxes and rodents. They were also used to hunt
otter, marten and badgers. Over time, Border Terriers
went from being protective dogs responsible for
hunting their own food in order to survive to
family dogs. It is believed they first appeared
The Border Terrier is a small dog with great stamina.
His distinctive head is often referred to that
of an otter.
"The Moss Trooper" is the name of the
first terrier recognized by the UK Kennel Club
in 1920 (the breed was denied in 1914). The first
registration of the Border Terrier with the AKC
was in 1930.
height of a Border Terrier is between 12-15 inches
weight for a Border Terrier is 13½ to 15½
lbs (6.1–6.9 kg).
Coat Type: The
Border Terrier has a double coat. The undercoat
is short, dense and soft while the outer is wiry
and harsh. No curls, no wave. The Border Terrier's
coat varies from full, long and shaggy to less
full and relatively smooth. The Border Terrier's
coat is weather resistant.
Color: The color
of the Border Terrier's coat includes grizzle
and tan (a salt and pepper look), blue and tan
(sometimes looks almost black), red grizzle, and
not so common - wheaten.
The Border Terrier is alert, friendly, energetic,
intelligent and affectionate. They enjoy a lot
of exercise, but don't demand it and will adjust
to their owner's level of activity. Leaving them
alone for more than four hours at a time is not
recommended. Border Terriers are easy to train
and are best when socialized early. This breed
was bred to work with people, they love to please
their master and they do well with task-oriented
activities. Border Terriers make a great family
dog as well as a therapy dog - especially for
children and the elderly. This breed also does
very well as hearing dogs for the deaf. By instinct,
Border Terriers likes to kill and hunt small animals
- therefore, it's important not to leave small
toys around as they may destroy them and possibly
try to eat them.
Border Terriers are a generally hardy breed. However,
there are certain genetic health problems associated
with them such as hip dysplasia, Perthes disease,
various heart defects. juvenile cataracts, progressive
retinal atrophy, seizures and CECS (Canine Epileptoid
• In the18th century, Border Terriers
that lived on farms were expected to hunt their
• More Border Terriers have won American
Kennel Club Earthdog titles than any other terrier.
AKC: Terrier Group
ANKC: Group 2 - Terriers
CKC: Group 4 - Terriers
FCI: Group 3 - Section 1 #10
KC: Terrier Group
UKC: Terrier Group