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This breed derives its name from an island north
of Japan, known as the Prefecture of Akita. The
Akita, dating back some 300 years, descends from
the Spitz family of
dogs. It was originally used as a hunting dog,
tracking black bears, wild boar and deer. So admired
were they, that only the Japanese royalty and
nobility were permitted to own them. Later on,
the Akita also served as a police and guard dog,
and finally as highly-esteemed house pet and family
protector. The breed's popularity increased in
the United States after WWII when servicemen returning
from Japan brought the Akitas home with them.
This breed requires daily, vigorous outdoor activity
The height for an Akita is 26" (66cm) for
dogs, 24" (61cm) for bitches.
The weight for an Akita is between 75 - 110 lbs
(33.5 - 49.1 kg)
The all-season, all-weather coat of the Akita
is a double one: the profuse undercoat is soft,
dense and short. The outer guard coat is harsher,
medium-length and straight. Coat may be of any
color, but generally range from black to brindle
to pinto to white. A once-weekly, thorough brushing
is all that is required for grooming.
The Akita's character has several admired qualities:
he is alert, courageous, and friendly with people,
although occasionally agressive with other dogs.
Early obedience and wide socialization is required
to be assured that your dog will be well behaved
with children and other dogs.
The Akita, because of its deep chest, is
one of the breeds at risk for gastric torsion
(bloat). Special Interest: By 1931, Japanese officials
recognized the importance of the Akita as a national
treasure. The Ministry of Education instituted
policies which would assure the breed's future
and proudly declared the breed a national monument.
AKC: Group 3 - Working Dogs
CKC: Group 3 - Working Dogs
KC: Non-Sporting - Utility Group
FCI: Group 5
ANKC: Group 6 - Utility